- [20 pts] A high-performance microprocessor was fabricated in a
0.25 um technology and operates at 100 MHz, consuming 10 Watts using
a 2.5 V power supply. State any necessary assumptions.
a. [5 pts] Using constant.field scaling, what speed and power consumption will the same processor
have if it is scaled to a 65 nm technology?
b. [5 pts] If the supply voltage on the 65 nm part were scaled to 0.7 V, what will the power
consumption and speed be then?
c. [5+5 pts] What supply voltage should be used to fix the power consumption at 1.0 Watts? At what
speed would the processor then operate?
- [15+15 pts] A certain material has R_square = 0.08 Ohms when it
is 0.01 mm thick. The material is formed into the shape shown below
and is 0.025 mm thick. Since techniques to calculate the resistance
of a corner are complex, approximate the resistance by calculating a
reasonable lower bound and upper bound resistance between points A and B.
Explain your reasoning.
12 mm A -+ |
| | 40 mm
- [40 pts]
The figure below shows a signal distribution network built in 0.25 μm
CMOS whose features are described in Table 4.2 on page 143. All wires
are 0.75 μm wide and are routed in metal1. There are loads at each of
the lettered nodes in the network that are well-modeled by capacitances
of the following values: A,B,C = 100 fF; D,E = 150 fF.
For wire resistance, assume wire are made of Aluminium
and choose and state your assumptions.
1mm 2mm 1mm
source ------+-----------+----- D
1mm | | 1mm
+---- A E
a) [10 pts] Draw the equivalent circuit and annotate the values of resistors
and capacitors, using lumped R and C models for the network.
b) [30 pts] Since the maximum delay in a digital system is the one that limits
the clock frequency, find the maximum dominant time-constant in the network.
- [20 pts]
An isolated metal3 wire is 1.5 mm long, 1 um wide, and runs over
a large sheet of metal1. It is driven by a CMOS driver with very
fast output rise and fall times. How will the delay change for the
You may give your answer in a general sense that is true for all
technologies, or use 0.25 um data from book pp. 143-145 or inside
Explain your reasoning for each.
a) [4 pts] If the wire length is doubled.
b) [4 pts] If the wire length is cut to 1/3.
c) [4 pts] If the wire width is doubled.
d) [4 pts] If the wire is run over open silicon substrate instead
e) [4 pts] If a large 10 um wide metal4 wire is run over the wire.