Papers
Submitted
 Levy, B. C., Wahab, M. S., Van Selow, A., ,
"Direct complex envelope sampling with nonuniformly interleaved twochannel
ADCs," under review.
 Levy, B. C., Van Selow, A, Wahab, M. S., ,
"Blind calibration of a bandpass sampling nonuniformly interleaved
twochannel ADC", under review.
Journal
 Levy, B. C., Zorzi, M.,
"A contraction analysis of the convergence of risksensitive
filters", SIAM J. Optimization Control, vol. 54, pp. 21542173, Aug. 2016.
 Tang, H., Ding, Z., Levy, B.C.,
"Enabling D2D communications through neighbor discovery in LTE cellular networks",
IEEE Trans. Signal Proc., vol. 62, pp. 51575170, Oct. 2014.
 Chang, N. C.J., Hurst, P. J., Levy, B. C., Lewis, S. H.,
"Background adaptive cancellation of digital switching noise in a
pipelined analogtodigital converter without noise sensors",
IEEE J. SolidState Circuits, vol. 49, pp. 13971407, June 2014.
 Shen, H., Wang, J., Levy, B.C., Zhao, C.,
"Robust optimization for amplifyandforward MIMO relaying from a
worstcase perspective", IEEE Trans. Signal Processing, vol. 61,
pp. 54585471, Nov. 2013.
 Levy, B.C.,
"A study of subtractive digital dither in singlestage and
multistage quantizers", IEEE Trans. Circuits and Systems I,
vol. 60, pp. 28882901, Nov. 2013.
 Levy, B.C., Nikoukhah, R.,
"Robust state space filtering under incremental model perturbations subject
to a relative entropy tolerance", IEEE Trans. Automatic Control,
vol. 58, pp. 682695, March 2013.
 Levy, B.C.,
"A propagation analysis of residual distributions in
pipeline ADCs", IEEE Trans. Circuits and Systems I, vol. 58, pp. 23662376,
Oct. 2011.
 Hosseini, K., Kennedy, M.P., Lewis, S.H., Levy, B.C.,
"Prediction of spectra of digital deltasigma modulators followed by a polynomial
nonlinearity," IEEE Trans. Circuits and Systems I, vol. 57, pp. 19051913,
Aug. 2010.
 Zhang, M.M., Hurst, P.J., Levy, B.C., Lewis, S.H.,
"Gainerror calibration of a pipelined ADC in an adaptively equalized baseband
receiver," IEEE Trans. Circuits and Systems II, vol. 56, pp. 768772, Oct.
2009.
 Wang, T., Wang, D., Hurst, P.J., Levy, B.C., Lewis, S.H.,"A
levelcrossing analogtodigital converter with triangular dither,"
IEEE Trans. Circuits and Systems I, vol. 56, pp. 20892098, Sept. 2009.
 Satarzadeh, P., Levy, B.C., Hurst, P.J."Adaptive
semiblind calibration of bandwidth mismatch for twochannel timeinterleaved ADCs,"
IEEE Trans. Circuits and Systems I, vol. 56, pp. 20752088, Sept. 2009.
 Satarzadeh, P., Levy, B.C., Hurst, P.J.,
"Digital calibration of a nonlinear S/H," IEEE J. Selected Topics in Signal
Processing, special issue on DSP techniques for RF/analog circuits impairments,
vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 454471, June 2009.
 Levy, B. C.,"Robust
hypothesis testing with a relative entropy tolerance" IEEE Trans.
Information Theory, vol. 55, pp. 413421, Jan. 2009.
 Karkhanechi, H. M., Levy, B. C.,
"An efficient adaptive channel estimation algorithm for MIMO OFDM
systems Study of Doppler spread tolerance," J. Signal Processing
Systems, vol. 56, pp. 261271, June 2008.
 Huang, S., Levy, B. C.,"Blind calibration of timing offsets for fourchannel
timeinterleaved ADCs," IEEE Trans. Circuits and Systems I,
vol. 54, no. 4, pp. 863876, April 2007.
 Huang, S., Levy, B.C., "Adaptive
blind calibration of timing offset and gain mismatch for twochannel
timeinterleaved ADCs," IEEE Trans. Circuits and Systems
I, vol. 53, no. 6, pp. 12781288, June 2006.
 Guo, Y., Levy, B.C., "Robust
MSE equalizer design for MIMO communication systems in the presence of
model uncertainties," IEEE Trans. Signal Processing vol. 54, no.
5, pp. 18401852, May 2006.
 Nguyen, H., Levy, B.C., "The
expectationmaximization Viterbi algorithm for blind adaptive channel
equalization," IEEE Trans. Communications, vol. 53, no. 10, pp.
16711678, Oct. 2005.
 Nguyen, H., Levy, B.C., "Blind
equalization of dispersive fast fading Ricean channels via the EMV
algorithm," IEEE Trans. Vehicular Technology, vol. 54, no. 5, pp.
17931801, Sept. 2005.
 Koca, M., Levy, B.C.,"Broadband beamforming for joint interference cancellation and turbo equalization," IEEE Trans. Wireless Communications, vol. 4, no. 5, pp. 22442255, Sept. 2005.
 Guo, Y., Levy, B.C.,"Worstcase
MSE precoder design for imperfectly known MIMO communications
channels,", IEEE Trans. Signal Processing, vol. 53, no. 8, pp. 29182930, Aug. 2005.
 Guo, Y., Levy, B.C."Design of FIR precoders and
equalizers for broadband MIMO wireless channels with power constraints," EURASIP J. Wireless Communications and
Networking, vol. 2, pp. 344356, Dec. 2004.
 Prendergast, R.S., Levy, B.C., Hurst, P.J.,"Reconstruction of bandlimited periodic nonuniformly sampled signals through multirate filter banks," IEEE Trans. Circuits and Systems I, vol. 51, no. 8, pp. 16121622, Aug. 2004.
 Koca, M., Levy, B.C., "Turbo spacetime equalization of TCM for broadband wireless channels," IEEE Trans. Wireless Communications, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 5059, Jan. 2004.
 Levy, B.C., Nikoukhah, R.,"Robust leastsquares estimation with a relative entropy constraint," IEEE Trans. Information Theory, vol. 50, no. 1, pp. 89104, Jan. 2004.
 Nguyen, H., Levy, B.C., "Blind
and semiblind equalization of CPM signals with the EMV algorithm," IEEE Trans. Signal
Processing, vol. 51, no. 10, pp. 26502664, Oct. 2003.
 Levy, B.C, Ferrante A., "Characterization
of stationary discretetime Gaussian reciprocal processes over a
finite interval," SIAM J. Matrix Analysis & Applications, vol.
24, no. 2, pp. 334355, Oct. 2002.
 Koca, M., Levy, B.C., "Broadband
beamforming with power complementary filters," IEEE Trans.
Signal Processing, vol. 50, no. 7, pp. 15731582, Jul. 2002.
 Ferrante, A., Levy, B.C.,
"Canonical form of symplectic matrix pencils," Linear Algebra and
its Applications, vol. 274, nos. 13, 15 April 1998, pp. 259300.
 Levy, B.C.,
"A note on the hyperbolic singular value decomposition," Linear Algebra and its Applications, vol. 277, nos. 13, June 1998, pp. 135142.
 Levy, B.C.,
"Characterization of multivariate stationary Gaussian reciprocal
diffusions," J. Multivariate Analysis, vol. 62, issue 1, July
1997, pp. 7499.
 Ferrante, A., Levy, B.C.,
"Hermitian solutions of the equation X = Q + NX^{1}N*," Linear Algebra and its Applications, vol. 247, November 1996, pp. 359373.
 Levy, B.C., Benveniste, A., Nikoukhah, R., "Highlevel
primitives for recursive maximum likelihood estimation ," IEEE
Trans. Automatic Control, vol. 41, no. 8, pp. 11251145, Aug.
1996.
 Levy, B.C., Krener A.J.,"Stochastic
mechanics of reciprocal diffusions, " J. Mathematical
Physics, vol. 37, no. 2, pp. 769802, Feb. 1996.
 Benveniste, A., Levy, B.C., Fabre, E., Le Guernic, P., "A
calculus of stochastic systems for the specification, simulation, and hidden state estimation of mixed
stochastic/nonstochastic systems," Theoretical Computer Science, vol. 152, no. 2, pp. 171217, 25 December 1995.
 Coleman, J.M., Levy, B.C., Krener, A.J.,
"Gaussian reciprocal diffusions and positive definite SturmLiouville operators,"
Stochastics and Stochastics Reports, vol. 55, nos. 34, pp. 279313, 1995.
 Nikoukhah, R., Taylor, D., Levy, B.C., Willsky, A.S., "Graph
structure and recursive estimation of noisy linear relations," J.
Mathematical Systems, Estimation and Control, vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 137,
1995.
 Venkataraman, S., Levy, B.C.,"A
comparison of design methods for 2D FIR orthogonal perfect reconstruction filter banks," IEEE Trans. Circuits and Systems
II, vol. 42, no. 8, pp. 525536, Aug. 1995.
 Levy, B.C., Beghi, A., "Discretetime
GaussMarkov processes with fixed reciprocal dynamics," J.
Mathematical Systems, Estimation and Control, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 125,
1994.
 Venkataraman, S., Levy, B.C.,"State
space representations of 2D FIR lossless transfer matrices ," IEEE Trans. Circuits and Systems II, vol. 41, no. 2, pp.
117132, Feb. 1994.
 Levy, B.C., Krener A.J.,"Dynamics
and kinematics of reciprocal diffusions,", J. Mathematical
Physics, vol. 34, no. 5, pp. 18461875, May 1993.
 Nikoukhah, R., Willsky, A.S., Levy, B.C., "Kalman
filtering and Riccati equations for descriptor systems," IEEE
Trans. Automatic Control, vol. 37, no. 9, pp. 13251342, Sept. 1992.
 Levy, B.C., "Regular and reciprocal multivariate stationary Gaussian processes
over Z are necessarily Markov"," J. Mathematical Systems, Estimation
and Control, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 135154, 1992. This paper can be found
here in preprint form.
 Greene, C.D., Levy, B.C., "Some
new smoother implementations for discretetime gaussian reciprocal
processes," International J. Control, vol. 54, issue 5,
Nov. 1991, pp. 12331247.
 Nikoukhah, R., Willsky, A.S., Levy, B.C.,"Reachability, observability, minimality, and
extendibility for twopoint boundaryvalue descriptor systems," International J. Control, vol. 54, issue 3,
Sept. 1991, pp. 635663.
 Ozbek, A., Levy, B.C.,"Simultaneous linearized inversion of velocity and density profiles for multidimensional acoustic media,"
J. Acoustical Society America, vol. 89, no. 4, pp. 17371748, 1991.
 Tewfik, A.H., Levy, B.C., Willsky, A.S., "Internal models and recursive estimation for 2D isotropic random fields,"
IEEE Trans. Information Theory, vol. 37, no. 4, pp. 10551066, July 1991.
 Nikoukhah R., Levy B.C., Willsky A., "Realization
of acausal weighting patterns with boundary value descriptor
systems," SIAM J. Control Optimization, vol. 29, no. 2, pp. 420444, 1991.
 Krener, A.J., Frezza, R., Levy, B.C.,"Gaussian reciprocal
processes and selfadjoint differential equations of second order,"
Stochastics and Stochastic Reports, vol. 34, nos. 12, pp. 2956, 1991.
 Kuo, C.C.J., Levy, B.C.,"Discretization
and solution of elliptic PDEsa digital signal processing approach," Proc. IEEE , vol. 78, no. 12, pp. 18081842, Dec 1990.
 Levy, B.C., Frezza, R., Krener, A.J., "Modeling
and estimation of discretetime Gaussian reciprocal processes," IEEE Trans. Automatic Control, vol. 35, no. 9,
pp. 10131023, Sept. 1990.
 Levy, B.C., Adams, M.B., Willsky, A.S.,"Solution
and linear estimation of 2D nearestneighbor models," Proc. IEEE, vol. 78, no. 4, pp. 627641, Apr. 1990.
 Tewfik, A.H., Levy, B.C., Willsky, A.S.,"Parallel
smoothing," Systems & Control Letters, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 253259, March 1990.
 Nikoukhah, R., Levy, B.C., Willsky, A.S., "Stability,
stochastic stationarity, and generalized Lyapunov equations for twopoint boundaryvalue descriptor systems," , IEEE
Trans. Automatic Control, vol. 34, no. 11, pp. 11411152, Nov. 1989.
 Bello, M.G., Willsky, A.S., Levy, B.C., "Construction and applications of
discretetime smoothing error models," International J. Control, vol. 50, issue 1, July 1989, pp. 203  223.
 Weiss, A.J., Willsky, A.S., Levy, B.C., "Nonuniform
array processing via the polynomial approach," IEEE Trans. Aerospace and Electronic Systems, vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 4855,
Jan. 1989.
 Kuo, C.C.J., Levy, B.C.,"Twocolor
Fourier analysis of the multigrid method with redblack GaussSeidel smoothing," Applied Mathematics and Computation,
vol. 29, pp. 6987, Jan. 1989.
 Nikoukhah, R., Willsky, A.S., Levy, B.C., "Reachability, observability, and minimality for
shiftinvariant twopoint boundaryvalue descriptor systems," Circuits, Systems, and Signal Processing, vol. 8, no. 3,
March 1989.
 Nikoukhah, R., Adams, M.B., Willsky, A.S., Levy, B.C., "Estimation for boundaryvalue descriptor systems,"
Circuits, Systems, and Signal Processing, vol. 8, no. 1, March 1989.
 Kuo, C.C.J., Levy, B.C.,"A
twolevel fourcolor SOR method," SIAM J. Numerical Analysis, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 129151, 1989.
 Weiss, A.J., Willsky, A.S., Levy, B.C.,"Eigenstructure
approach for array processing with unknown intensity coefficients," IEEE Trans. Signal Processing, vol. 36, no. 10, pp.
16131617, Oct. 1988.
 Tewfik, A.H., Levy, B.C., Willsky, A.S., "Sampling theorems for twodimensional isotropic random fields,"
IEEE Trans. Information Theory, vol. 34, no. 5, pp. 10921096, Sept. 1988.
 Tewfik, A.H., Levy, B.C., Willsky, A.S.,"An
efficient maximum entropy technique for 2D isotropic random fields," IEEE Trans. Signal Processing vol. 36, no. 5, pp. 797812, May 1988.
 Weiss, A.J., Willsky, A.S., Levy, B.C., "Maximum
likelihood array processing for the estimation of superimposed signals," Proc. IEEE , vol. 76, no. 2, pp. 203205, Feb. 1988.
 Kuo, C.C.J., Levy, B.C.,
"Modedependent
finitedifference discretization of linear homogeneous differential equations," SIAM J. Scientific and Statistical
Computing, vol. 9, no. 6, pp. 9921015, Nov. 1988.
 Levy, B.C., Esmersoy C., "Variable
background Born inversion by wavefield backpropagation," SIAM J. Applied Mathematics, vol. 48, no. 4, pp. 952972, Aug. 1988.
 Nikoukhah, R., Willsky, A.S.,Levy, B.C., "Boundaryvalue descriptor systems:
wellposedness, reachability and observability,"International J. Control, vol. 46, no. 5, pp. 17151737, Nov. 1987.
 Tewfik, A.H., Levy, B.C., Willsky, A.S.,"An
eigenstructure approach for the retrieval of cylindrical harmonics," Signal Processing, vol. 13, no. 2, pp.
121139, Sept. 1987.
 Kuo, C.C.J., Levy, B.C., Musicus B.R., "A
local relaxation method for solving elliptic PDEs on meshconnected arrays," SIAM J. Scientific and Statistical Computing, vol. 8, no.
4, pp. 550573, July 1987.
 Vidyasagar, M., Levy, B.C., Viswanadham, N.,"A note on the genericity of simultaneous
stabilizability and pole assignability,"
Circuits, Systems, and Signal Processing, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 371387, Sept. 1986.
 Bello, M., Willsky, A., Levy, B.C., Castanon, D.,
"Smoothing error dynamics and their use in the solution of smoothing and
mapping problems," IEEE Trans. Information Theory, vol. 32, no. 4, pp.
483495, July 1986.
 Yagle, A.E., Levy, B.C.,"Layerstripping
solutions of multidimensional inverse scattering problems," J. Mathematical Physics, vol. 27, no. 6, pp. 17011710, June
1986.
 Esmersoy, C., Levy, B.C.,"Multidimensional
Born inversion with a wideband planewave source," Proc. IEEE, vol. 74, no. 3, pp. 466475, March 1986.
 Levy, B.C., "Layer by layer reconstruction methods for the earth resistivity from direct current measurements," IEEE Trans. Geoscience and Remote Sensing, vol. GE23, no. 6, pp. 841850, Nov. 1985.
 Levy, B., Tsitsiklis, J., "A
fast algorithm for linear estimation of two dimensional isotropic random
fields," IEEE Trans. Information Theory,, vol. 31, no. 5, pp.
635644, Sept. 1985.
 Esmersoy, C., Oristaglio, M.L., Levy, B.C.,"Multidimensional
Born velocity inversion: single wideband point source," J. Acoustical Society of America, vol.
78, no. 3, pp. 10521057, Sept. 1985.
 Yagle, A.E., Levy, B.C.,"A
fast algorithm solution of the inverse problem for a layered acoustic medium
probed by spherical harmonic waves," J. Acoustical Society of America, vol.
78, no. 2, pp. 729737, Aug. 1985.
 Levy, B.C.,"A
Kalman filter solution of the inverse scattering problem with a rational reflection coefficient," Systems & Control
Letters, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 377382, May 1985.
 Yagle, A., Levy, B.,"The
Schur algorithm and its applications," Acta Applicandae Mathematicae, vol.
3, no. 3, May 1985.
 Bruckstein A. M., Levy, B.C., Kailath T.,"Differential
methods in inverse scattering," SIAM J. Applied Mathematics, vol. 45, no. 2, pp. 312335, Apr. 1985.
 Yagle, A.E., Levy, B.C.,"A
layerstripping solution of the inverse problem for a onedimensional elastic
medium," Geophysics, vol. 50, no. 3, pp. 425433, March 1985.
 Adams, M., Willsky, A., Levy, B.,
"Linear estimation of boundary value stochastic processesPart II: 1D smoothing problems," IEEE Trans.
Automatic Control, vol. 29, no. 9, pp. 811821, Sept. 1984.
 Adams, M., Willsky, A., Levy, B., "Linear
estimation of boundary value stochastic processes Part I: The role and construction of complementary models," IEEE
Trans. Automatic Control, vol. 29, no. 9, pp. 803811, Sept. 1984.
 Castanon, D.A., Levy, B.C., Willsky, A.S.,"Algorithms for the incorporation of
predictive information in surveillance theory," International J. Systems Science, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 367382, July 1984.
 Yagle, A., Levy, B.,"Application of the Schur algorithm to the inverse problem for a layered acoustic medium,"
J. Acoustical Society America, vol. 76, no. 1, pp. 301308, July 1984.
 Lehtomaki, N., Castanon, D., Levy, B., Stein, G., Sandell, N., Jr., Athans, M.,"Robustness
and modeling error characterization," IEEE Trans. Automatic Control, vol. 29, no. 3, pp. 212220, Mar 1984.
 Levy, B.C.,Castanon, D.A., Verghese, G.C., Willsky, A.S.,"A
scattering framework for decentralized estimation problems,", Automatica, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 373384,
July 1983.
 Yagle, A., Levy, B., "Equations for the angles of arrival and departure for multivariable root loci using frequencydomain methods," IEEE Trans. Automatic Control, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 118121, Jan 1983.
 Willsky, A., Bello, M., Castanon, D., Levy, B.C., Verghese, G., "Combining
and updating of local estimates and regional maps along sets of onedimensional tracks," IEEE Trans. Automatic
Control, vol. 27, no. 4, pp. 799813, Aug. 1982.
 Yagle, A., Levy, B.,"Multivariable root loci
on the real axis," International J. Control, vol. 35, no. 3, pp. 491507, March 1982.
 Verghese, G., Levy, B., Kailath, T., "A
generalized statespace for singular systems," IEEE Trans. Automatic Control, vol.26, no. 4, pp. 811831, Aug. 1981.
 Levy, B., Kailath, T., Ljung, L., Morf, M., "Fast
timeinvariant implementations for linear leastsquares smoothing filters," IEEE Trans. Automatic Control, vol. 24, no.
5, pp. 770775, Oct. 1979.
 Kailath, T., Levy, B., Ljung, L., Morf, M., "The
factorization and representation of operators in the algebra generated by Toeplitz operators," SIAM J. Applied Mathematics,
vol. 37, no. 3, pp. 467484, Dec. 1979.
 Morf, M., Levy, B., Kailath, T.,"Squareroot
algorithms for the continuoustime linear leastsquare estimation problem," IEEE Trans. Automatic Control, vol. 23, no. 5,
pp. 907911, Oct. 1978.
 Kailath, T., Levy, B., Ljung, L., Morf, M.,"Fast
timeinvariant implementations of Gaussian signal detectors," IEEE Trans. Information Theory, vol. 24, no. 4,
pp. 469477, Jul 1978.
 SunYuan Kung, Levy, B.C., Morf, M., Kailath, T., "New
results in 2D systems theory, part II: 2D statespace modelsRealization and the notions of controllability, observability,
and minimality," Proc. IEEE , vol. 65, no. 6, pp. 945961, June 1977.
 Morf, M., Levy, B.C., SunYuan Kung, "New
results in 2D systems theory, part I: 2D polynomial matrices, factorization, and coprimeness," Proc. IEEE, vol. 65, no. 6, pp. 861872, June 1977.
Book Chapters
 Kuo, C.C, Levy, B.C., Musicus, B.R. "The specification
and verification of systolic wave algorithms," in VLSI Signal
Processing, P. R. Capello et al., editors, chapter 29, pp.
271281, IEEE Press, New York, 1984. Edited book based on
papers presented at the Workshop on VLSI Signal Processing,
Los Angeles, CA, 2729 Nov 1984.
 Yagle, A.E., Levy, B.C., "A layerstripping solution of
the inverse problem for a onedimensional elastic medium,"'
in Inverse Problems of Acoustic and Elastic Waves, Santosa,
Pao, Symes and Holland eds., pp. 338340, Soc. Indust. and Applied
Math., Philadelphia, 1984.
Conference
 Zorzi, M, Levy, B. C.,
"On the convergence of a risksensitive like filter"
in Proc. 2016 IEEE 54th Conf. on Decision and Control (CDC),
pp. 49904995, Osaka, Japan, Dec. 1518, 2016.
 Chang, N.C., Hurst, P.J., Levy, B.C., Lewis, S.H.,
"Background adaptive cancellation of digital switching noise
in pipeline ADCs without noise sensors", presented at 2012
IEEE Custom Integrated Circuits Conference, San Jose, CA,
Sept. 912 2012.
 Zhang, M.M., Hurst, P.J., Lewis, S.H., Levy, B.C.,
"Calibration of pipelined ADC gain and memory errors in an
adaptively equalized receiver" in Proc. 2010 IEEE Internat.
Symposium on Circuits and Systems (ISCAS '10), pp. 40494052,
Paris, France, May 30June 2 2010.
 Satarzadeh, P., Levy, B.C., Hurst, P.J.,
"A parametric polyphase domain approach to blind calibration of
timing mismatches for Mchannel timeinterleaved ADCs"
in Proc. 2010 IEEE Internat. Symposium on Circuits and Systems
(ISCAS '10), pp. 40534056, Paris, France, May 30June 2 2010.
 Levy, B.C.,
"An unbiased explicit adaptive gain and timedelay estimation algorithm"
in Conference Record of the 43rd Annual Asilomar Conf. on Signals, Systems,
and Computers, (ACSSC '09), pp. 13461349, Pacific Grove, CA, 14 Nov. 2009.
 Satarzadeh, P., Levy, B.C., Hurst, P.J., "Bandwidth
Mismatch Correction for a TwoChannel TimeInterleaved A/D Converter," in Proc. 2007 IEEE International Symposium
on Circuits and Systems (ISCAS '07), pp. 17051708, New Orleans, Louisiana, 2730 May 2007.
 Huang S., Levy, B.C.,"Cramer
Rao Lower Bound for Blind Timing Offset Estimation of a TwoChannel TimeInterleaved A/D Converter," in Proc. Fortieth
Asilomar Conference on Signals, Systems and Computers (ACSSC '06), pp. 12371241, Pacific Grove, CA, Oct.Nov. 2006.
 Karkhanechi, H.M., Levy, B.C.,"EMbased
Channel Estimation for Space Time Block Coded MIMO OFDM Systems," in Proc. 2006 IEEE Workshop on Signal Processing Systems
Design and Implementation (SIPS '06), pp.177181, Oct. 2006.
 Koca, M., Levy, B.C.,"MIMO
doublyiterative equalization for dual polarized systems," in Proc. 6th IEEE Workshop on Signal Processing Advances in
Wireless Communications (SPAWC '06), pp. 515519, New York, 58 June 2005.
 Dong Wang, Keane, J.P., Hurst, P.J., Levy, B.C., Lewis, S.H.,"Convergence
analysis of a background interstage gain calibration technique for pipelined ADCs," in Proc. 2005 IEEE International Symposium
on Circuits and Systems (ISCAS '05), vol. 4, pp. 40584061, Kobe, Japan, 2326 May 2005.
 Yongfang Guo, Levy, B.C., "Robust
MSE equalizer design for MIMO flatfading channels in the presence of model uncertainties," in Proc. 2005 IEEE International
Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing (ICASSP '05), vol.3, pp. iii/449iii/452, Philadelphia, PA, 1823 March 2005.
 Guo, Y., Levy, B.C., "Decoupling
method for low complexity turbo equalization of frequencyselective MIMO wireless systems," in Proc. 2005 IEEE Wireless
Communications and Networking Conference (WCNC '05), vol. 1, pp. 420425, New Orleans, LA, 1317 March 2005.
 Guo, Y., Levy, B.C.,"Robust
MSE precoder design for imperfectly known MIMO flatfading channels," in Proc. 2004 IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference
(GLOBECOM '04), vol.4, pp. 24502454, Dallas, TX, 29 Nov.3 Dec. 2004.
 Koca, M., Levy, B.C.,"Doublyiterative
equalization of spacetime bitinterleaved coded modulation," in Proc. 2004 IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference
(GLOBECOM '04), vol.2, pp. 790794, Dallas, TX, 29 Nov.3 Dec. 2004.
 Guo, Y, Levy, B.C., "Robust
FIR precoder design with imperfect channel knowledge for broadband MIMO wireless systems," in Proc. 2004 IEEE International
Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing (ICASSP '04), vol.4, pp. iv489iv492, Montreal, Canada, 1721 May 2004.
 Guo, Y., Levy, B.C.,"Design
of FIR precoders and equalizers for broadband MIMO wireless channels with power constraints," in Conference Record of the
ThirtySeventh IEEE Conference on Signals, Systems and Computers (ACSSC '03), vol. 2, pp. 18301834, Pacific Grove, CA, 912 Nov. 2003.
 Nguyen, H., Levy, B.C.,"A semiblind EMVA for maximum likelihood equalization of GMSK signal in ISI fading channels," Signals, Systems and Computers, 2003. Conference Record of the ThirtySeventh Asilomar Conference on , vol.2, pp. 226022642, 912 Nov. 2003.
 Karkhanechi, H.M., Levy, B.C.,"Spatial
multiplexing and diversity gain in OFDMbased MIMO systems," in Proc. 2003 IEEE Topical Conference on Wireless Communication Technology, pp. 299301, 1517 Oct. 2003.
 Koca, M, Levy, B.C., "Low complexity turbo spacetime
equalization for broadband MIMO systems," in Proc.
3rd International Symposium on Turbo Codes & Related
Topics, pp. 463466, Brest, France, Sept. 2003.
 Hoang Nguyen, Levy, B.C.,"Blind
equalization of fast fading Ricean channels via the EMV algorithm," in Proc. 58th IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference
(VTC 2003Fall), vol. 2, pp. 11571161, Orlando, FL, 69 Oct. 2003.
 Koca, M., Levy, B.C.,"Broadband
beamforming for joint interference cancellation and lowcomplexity turbo equalization," in Proc. 2003 IEEE Global
Telecommunications Conference (GLOBECOM '03), vol.4, pp. 21612166, San Francisco, CA, 15 Dec. 2003.
 Nguyen, H., Levy, B.C.,"Blind
maximumlikelihood equalization of CDMA signals via the EMV algorithm," in Proc. 2003 IEEE Global Telecommunications
Conference (GLOBECOM '03) vol. 4, pp. 23202324, San Francisco, CA, 15 Dec. 2003.
 Prendergast, R.S., Levy, B.C., Hurst, P.J.,"Multirate
filter bank reconstruction of bandlimited signals from bunched samples," in Conference Record of the ThirtySixth Asilomar
Conference on Signals, Systems and Computers (ACSSC 2002), vol. 1, pp. 781785, Pacific Grove, CA, 36 Nov. 2002.
 Nguyen, H., Levy, B.C., "EMVAbased
blind maximum likelihood separation of crosspolar interference in dual polarized digital transmission," in Conference
Record of the ThirtySixth Asilomar Conference on Signals, Systems and Computers (ACSSC '02), vol.2, pp. 16691673, Pacific Grove, CA, 36 Nov. 2002.
 Levy, B.C, Nikoukhah, R., "Robust leastsquares filtering
with a relative entropy constraint," in Proc. Fifteenth
International Symposium on Mathematical Theory of Networks and Systems
(MTNS 2002), Univ. of Notre Dame, South Bend, IN, Aug. 2002.
 Nguyen, H., Levy, B.C.,
"Blind ML detection of CPM signals via the EMV algorithm," in Proc. 2002 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics,
Speech, and Signal Processing (ICASSP '02), vol. 3, pp. III2457III2460, Orlando, FL, May 2002.
 Karkhanechi, H.M., Fain, E.A., Levy, B.C.,"An
investigation of carrier recovery techniques for spacetime coded MIMO wireless systems," in Proc. IEEE Wireless Communications and
Networking Conference (WCNC2002), vol. 1, pp. 454458, Orlando, FL, 1721 March 2002.
 Koca, M., Levy, B.C.,"Turbo
spacetime equalization of TCM for broadband wireless channels," in Proc. 2001 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics,
Speech, and Signal Processing (ICASSP '01), vol.4, pp. 26612664, Salt Lake City, UT, 711 May 2001.
 Koca, M., Levy, B.C., "Iterative
spacetime detection of TCM for broadband wireless channels," in Proc. 2001 Third IEEE Workshop on Signal Processing
Advances in Wireless Communications (SPAWC '01), pp. 122125, Taoyuan, Taiwan, 2023 March 2001.
 Koca, M., Levy, B.C., "Spacetime
interference cancellation and turbo equalization of TCM for broadband wireless channels," Conference Record of the
ThirtyFifth Asilomar Conference on Signals, Systems and Computers (ACSSC 2001), vol.2, pp.16241628, Pacific Grove, CA,
47 Nov. 2001.
 Koca, M., Levy, B.C.,"Turbo
spacetime equalization of TCM with receiver diversity. II. Maximumlikelihood detection," in Conference Record of the
ThirtyFourth Asilomar Conference on Signals, Systems and Computers (ACSSC 2000), vol. 1, pp.557561, Pacific Grove, CA, 29
Oct.1 Nov. 2000.
 Koca, M., Levy, B.C., "Turbo
spacetime equalization of TCM with receiver diversity. I. Symbolbysymbol detection," in Conference Record of the
ThirtyFourth Asilomar Conference on Signals, Systems and Computers (ACSSC 2000), vol. 1, pp. 552556, Pacific Grove, CA,
29 Oct.1 Nov. 2000.
 Nikoukhah, R., Levy, B.C., "LEQG control formulated as a recursive estimation problem", in Proc. Third IEEE Mediterranean
Symposium on control and Automation, pp. 16, Limassol, Cyprus, July 1995.
 Levy, B.C., Benveniste, A., Nikoukhah, R., "Highlevel primitives for linear
estimation," in Proc. of the 33rd IEEE Conference on Decision and Control, vol. 4, pp. 39063911, Lake Buena Vista, FL, 1416 Dec. 1994.
 Venkataraman, S., Levy, B.C., "Nonseparable orthogonal perfect
reconstruction filter banks and their application to image compression," in Proc. of the First IEEE International
Conference on Image Processing (ICIP '94), vol. 3, pp. 334338, Austin, TX, 1316 Nov. 1994.
 Ghozi, R., Levy, B.C.,
"Texture synthesis with critical Markov random fields and fractional Brownian motion,"
in Proc. of the First IEEE International Conference on Image Processing (ICIP '94}, vol. 3,
pp. 426430. Austin, TX, 1316 Nov. 1994.
 Ghozi, R., Levy, B.C.,
"Phase transitions and multiscale Markov random fields: application to texture
synthesis," in Conference Record of the 27th Asilomar Conference on Signals, Systems and Computers, (ACSSC 1993),
pp. 15, Monterey, CA, 13 Nov. 1993.
 Venkataraman, S., Levy, B.C., "Statespace representations of
2D FIR lossless matrices and their application to the design of 2D subband coders," in Conference Record of the 25th
Asilomar Conference on Signals, Systems and Computers (ACSSC 1991), vol. 2, pp. 751755, Pacific Grove, CA, 46 Nov. 1991.
 Levy, B.C., "Regular and reciprocal stationary Gaussian processes over Z are necessarily Markov," in Proc. First European
Control Conference, pp. 602607, Grenoble, France, July 1991.
 Greene, C.D., Levy, B.C.,"Smoother implementations for
discretetime Gaussian reciprocal processes," in Proc. of the 29th IEEE Conference on Decision and Control, vol. 2, pp.
837840, Honolulu, HI, 57 Dec. 1990.
 Levy, B.C., "Noncausal estimation for discrete GaussMarkov
random fields," in Realization and Modelling in System
Theory, Proc. Internat. Symposium MTNS89, vol. I, M. A.
Kaashoek, A. C. M. Ran, and J. H. van Schuppen eds.,
pp. 1321, Birkhauser, Boston, MA, 1990.
 Nikoukhah, R., Levy, B.C., Willsky, A.S., "Realization
theory for deterministic boundaryvalue descriptor systems,"
in Realization and Modelling in System Theory, Proc.
Internat. Symposium MTNS89, vol. I, M. A. Kaashoek,
A. C. M. Ran, and J. H. van Schuppen eds., pp. 287301,
Birkhauser, Boston, MA 1990.
 Ozbek, A, Levy, B.C.,"Simultaneous
inversion of velocity and density profiles," Expanded Abstracts of the 58th Annual International SEG Meeting and
Exposition, pp. 10811084, Anaheim, CA, Nov. 1988.
 Weiss, A.J., Willsky, A.S., Levy, B.C., "Extension
of the MUSIC approach for near field applications," in Proc. Fourth annual ASSP Workshop on Spectrum Estimation and Modeling,
pp.129134, Minneapolis, MN, 35 Aug 1988.
 Tewfik, A.H., Levy, B.C., Willsky, A.S.,"An
efficient maximum entropy technique for 2D isotropic random fields," in Proc. 1988 IEEE International Conf. on
Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing (ICASSP88), vol. 2, pp. 741744, New York, 1114 Apr 1988.
 Nikoukhah, R., Willsky, A.S., Levy, B.C."Generalized
Riccati equations for twopoint boundaryvalue descriptor systems," in Proc. 26th IEEE Conference on Decision and Control,
vol. 26, part 1, pp. 11401141, Los Angeles, CA, Dec. 1987.
 Kuo, C.C.J., Levy, B.C."A
parallel 2level 4color SOR method," in Proc. 26th IEEE Conference on Decision and Control, vol. 26, part 1, pp.
14451449, Los Angeles, CA, Dec. 1987.
 Weiss, A. J., Willsky, A.S., Levy, B.C., "Maximum
likelihood array processing for the estimation of superimposed
signals,"' in Proc. 21st Asilomar Conference on Signals, Systems
and Computers, pp. 845848, Pacific Grove, CA, Nov. 1987.
 Weiss, A.J., Willsky, A.S, Levy, B.C., "Nonuniform
array processing via the polynomial approach," in Proc.
21st Asilomar Conference on Signals, Systems and Computers,
pp. 849853, Pacific Grove, CA, Nov. 1987.
 Rougee, A., Levy, B.C., Willsky, A.S.,
"Reconstruction of twodimensional velocity fields as
a linear estimation problem," in Proc. 1st International
Conference on Computer Vision, pp. 646650, London, England,
June 1997.
 Levy,B.C., Adams, M.B. "Global optimization with
stochastic neural networks," in Proc. First IEEE Annual
International Conference on Neural Networks, vol. III, pp. 681689, San Diego, CA, June 1987.
 Tewfik, A.H. Levy, B.C., Willsky, A.S., "An efficient
maximum entropy technique for 2D isotropic random fields,"
in Proc. 21st Conference on Information Sciences and Systems,
pp. 506512, The Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD, March 1987.
 Ozbek, A., Levy, B.C., "Inversion of generalized parabolic
projections," in Proc. 21st Confence on Information Sciences
and Systems, pp. 3642, The Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD, March
1987.
 Tewfik, A.H., Levy, B.C., Willsky, A.S."A
new parallel smoothing algorithm," in Proc. 25th IEEE Conference on Decision and Control,
vol. 25, pp. 933937, Athens, Greece, Dec. 1986.
 Tewfik, A.H., Levy, B.C., Willsky, A.S.,"Kalman
estimation for a class of rational isotropic random fields," in Proc. 24th IEEE Conference on Decision and Control, vol.
24, pp. 16181623, Fort Lauderdale, FL, Dec. 1985.
 Esmersoy, C., Levy, B.C., "Tomographic
methods for multidimensional Born inversion with a wideband source," Expanded Abstracts of the Society of Exploration
Geophysicists 55th Annual Meeting, pp. 605608, Washington, D.C., Oct. 1985.
 Adams, M.B., Levy, B.C., Willsky, A.S.,"Linear
smoothing for descriptor systems," in Proc. 23rd IEEE Conference on Decision and Control, vol.23, pp. 16,
Las Vegas, NV, Dec. 1984.
 Levy, B.C.,"
A Kalman filter solution of the inverse scattering problem with a rational reflection coefficient," in Proc. of the 23rd
IEEE Conference on Decision and Control, vol. 23, part 1, pp. 435439, Las Vegas, NV, Dec. 1984.
 Adams, M.B., Levy, B.C., Willsky, A.S.,"Linear
estimation of boundary value processes," in Proc. 22nd IEEE Conference on Decision and
Control, vol.22, pp.6064, San Antonio, TX, Dec. 1983.
 Adams, M.B., Willsky, A.S., Levy, B.C., "Linear estimation
of twopoint boundary value processes," in Proc. 17th
Conference on Information Sciences and Systems, pp. 819826,
The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, March 1983.
 Lee, W.H., Levy, B., "Robustness
properties of linear quadratic hereditary differential systems," in Proc. 21st IEEE Conference on Decision and
Control, vol. 21, pp. 12671272, Orlando, FL, Dec. 1982.
 Castanon, D.a., Levy, B.C., Gershwin, S.B.,"Diffusion
approximations for threestage transfer lines with unreliable machines and finite buffers," in Proc. 21st IEEE
Conference on Decision and Control, vol. 21, pp. 10661067, Orlando, FL, Dec. 1982.
 Lehtomaki,N.A., Castanon, D., Levy, B., Stein, G., Sandell, N.R., Athans, M.,"Robustness
tests utilizing the structure of modelling error," in Proc. 20th IEEE Conference on Decision and Control, vol. 20,
pp. 11731190, San Diego, CA, Dec. 1981.
 Castanon, D. A., Coderch, M., Levy, B.C., Willsky, A. S.,
"Asymptotic analysis, approximation, and aggregation methods
for stochastic hybrid systems," in Proc. 1980 Joint Automatic
Control Conference, vol. 1, San Francisco, CA, Aug. 1980.
 B. Levy, T. Kailath, L. Ljung, M. Morf, "Fast
timeinvariant implementations for linear leastsquares smoothing filters," in Proc. 17th IEEE Conference on
Decision and Control, vol. 17, pp. 11561159, San Diego, CA., Jan. 1979.
 Verghese, G., Levy, B., Kailath, T., "Generalized
statespace systems," in Proc. 17th IEEE Conference on Decision and Control, vol. 17, pp. 518520,
San Diego, CA, Jan. 1979.
 M. Morf, B. Levy, T. Kailath, "Squareroot
algorithms for the continuoustime linear least squares estimation problem," in Proc. 16th IEEE Conference on
Decision and Control, vol. 16, pp. 944947, New Orleans, LA, Dec. 1977.
 Levy, B., Kung, S.Y., Morf, M., Kailath, T. "A
unification of system equivalence definitions," in Proc. 16th IEEE Conference on Decision and Control,
vol. 16, pp. 795800, New Orleans, LA, Dec. 1977.
 Levy, B.C., Kung, S.Y., Morf, M. "New results in 2D
systems theory, 2D statespace models realization and the notions
of controllability, observability and minimality," in Proc. of the
Symposium on Current Mathematical Problems in Image Science,
pp. 8795, Monterey, CA, Nov. 1976.
Unpublished
 Levy, B. C., "Reciprocal stochastic mechanics model of quantum interference and measurement,"
Sept. 1995.
